Probably the most famous of all Welsh castles, the colossal beast that is Caernarfon castle sits right at the very top of the North Welsh coast, on the edge of the Seiont river. It's sheer bulk and strength of presence makes it appear like a muscular, crouched beast, protecting the shoreline from any potential invading threats.
Work began on Caernarfon castle in 1283, marking the final chapter of Edward I's invasion and conquest of Wales and her people. Despite its intimidating, brute-like appearance, the castle was constructed as a seat of government and royal palace, and not just as a military fortress.
It's hefty appearance was, however, entirely intentional - Edward I was aiming for a design that mirrored the imposing structures of Constantinople and the imperial power of Rome, and I think we can all agree he pulled it off pretty well - especially with his solid, sturdy polygonal towers!
The walled town of Caernarfon, dominated by the huge castle structure, was also founded by Edward I. The towns symbolic status and meaning was further strengthened and affirmed, when Edward sneakily ensured that his son, born in 1284, was born in Caernarfon, making the child the first english Prince of Wales.
Caernarfon castles historic importance is recognized in its status as a World Heritage inscribed site.