After his campaign against the Scottish in 1080, Robert Curthose, the eldest son of William the Conqueror, moved to Monkchester and began the building of a new castle, thus birthing the town of Newcastle, named after Roberts creation. The castle itself is a medieval fortress built in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in North-East England, the most prominent of its features being the Castle Keep, the 'Black Gate' gatehouse and the castles main, reinforced stone tower.
The original motte and tower of the Castle was replaced by Henry II during 1168-1178, when he built the castles magnificent and famous keep - one of the countries finest examples of a Norman keep that still survives today. The keep stands next to an Anglo-Saxon cemetery and a Roman fort, and also boasts a breathtaking rooftop view of the Severn river and bridges. The castles well known 'Black Gate' gatehouse was built later on, by Henry III in 1250.
Newcastle Castle suffered a loss in 1622, when forty thousand Scottish troops besieged its walls for an entire three months, before the castles 1,500 man strong garrison surrendered.
For the entirety of the 16th through to the 18th century (1500-1700) the keep itself was used as a prison, and many houses and shops were built in the surrounding grounds. By 1800, the boundaries of the castle housed over 50 homes and several hundred people.
In the middle of the 19th century, the railway and trains arrived in Newcastle, unfortunately necessitating the need for a viaduct (series of arches forming a railroad bridge) to be built across the site of the castle. As a result, the keep and the 'Black Gate' are now the only structures that remain.