The Fettiplace monuments are six individual statues or 'monuments', ranged above each other on different sets of shelves in the Swinbrook Church in Oxfordshire. These monuments are classic and well preserved examples of 17th and 18th century English Renaissance funerary art (funerary art is any piece of art that makes up, or goes into a container for the remains of the dead), and depict the likenesses of several different members of the high-class and noble Fettiplace family.
The Fettiplace's were believed to have come over to England from northern France with William the Conqueror in 1066. However, the first recorded mention of the family wasn't until a couple of centuries later, and was of an Adam Fettiplace, who was the Mayor of Oxford from 1245-1268. Adam Fettiplace and his family owned and estate called North Denchworth in Berkshire, which we now know as Oxfordshire.
The Fettiplaces retained their noble status over the years, with Adams ancestor, John Fettiplace (1424-1464), becoming a member of the Royal household and and esquire of Henry VI. The family continued to serve and mingle with Royalty, and there are records that show several members of the Fettiplace family were knighted during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Sir Thomas Fettiplace (John Fettiplace's 3rd son), even accompanied King Henry VIII to his meeting with the French King in the 'Field of Cloth of Gold' in 1520, while Sir Thomas's brother, Anthony Fettiplace, married a relative of Anne Boelyn (King Henry VIII's 2nd wife), thus making the Fettiplace family cousins to the Royals. Another member of the family was part of the entourage that accompanied Anne of Cleves (King Henry VIII's 4th wife) to England.
Fame continued for the Fettiplace family, when in 1604, Eleanor, the wife of Richard Fettiplace, wrote the earliest surviving, and potentially very first, book on the subject of food. However, they suffered greatly during the English Civil War, as they all supported Charles I, who was eventually defeated and executed in 1649.