Llywelyn Statue Conwy
In Lancaster Square, in the centre of Conwy, North Wales, stands a fountain bearing a statue of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, commonly known as Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales. This statue was built in 1895, and the inscription on the fountain below it states that Llywelyn the Great founded the towns abbey - Aberconwy abbey - in 1184, when he was just 10 years old. However, it wasn't until 1186 that facilities within the complex had reached the standards of an official abbey.
Llywelyn ap Iorwerth was born near Betws-Y-Coed, in what is now the Snowdonia National Park, in 1174, and by the age of 20 he had defeated his own uncle in battle - the first of many victories. His lands and territory soon grew, bringing about unparalleled unity to the Welsh people, and earning himself the title 'Prince of Wales'.
He married the daughter of the King of England in 1205 - a strenuous relationship to say the least, especially when his brides father forced Llywelyn to hand over an area of land near the Conwy estuary. However, Llywelyn the Great had the last laugh when he seized Shrewsbury in 1215 and forced King John to sign the bill of rights known as the Magna Carta.
In 1240, at the age of 66, Llywelyn died and his body was buried in the grounds of the Abbey he had founded as a child. His remains were moved by King Edward to Maenan, then later to Llanrwst church, and were subsequently lost during the 16th century Dissolution of the Monasteries.