The Radcliffe Camera, camera here is from the latin word camera meaning room, is a building in the Bodleian Library in the University of Oxford originally built and designed by one of Britain's most influential architects, James Gibbs. Aside from the Radcliffe Camera, works by James Gibbs include the magnificent Church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields in Trafalgar Square, London.
Gibbs built the stunning Radcliffe Camera in classic English Palladian Style from 1737 to 1749 with the aim of housing the Radcliffe Science Library, which is the main teaching and research science library at the University of Oxford.
Whilst the library in the Radcliffe Camera originally held the bulk of the Radcliffe Science Library; both scientific and general books. Those books in the collections were over time gradually moved to other University libraries leading to the function of the Radcliffe Camera today being that of the main reading room of the Bodleian Library. The main library itself holds an awesome some 600,00 books in underground rooms beneath Radcliffe Square.
The room became famous for reasons other than its vast store of literature in November 2010, when the room was occupied by students in protest against “proposed changes to university funding and substantial increases in cost of tuition” for over twenty four hours.