Richard I Statue
The statue of Richard I, or 'Richard Couer de Lion - Richard the Lion Heart', mounted atop a pedestal hewn from cornish granite sits in Old Palace Yard, outside the Palace of Westminster,
opposite the historic and grand Westminster Abbey in London.
Its equestrian design, of King Richard I mounted atop a cantering horse, sword held aloft, perhaps readying a charge to battle, was originally created by Baron Carlo Marochetti, an Italian-born French sculptor whom had come to England along with the exiled French king Louis-Philippe in 1848. The design was initially a clay model, made to be displayed at the 1851 'The Great Exhibition', but through the efforts and donations of a collection of private individuals the grand bronze version we see today was commissioned and completed in 1858. The pedestal and statue were unveiled to the public in the location at which it still sits today on the 26 October 1860.
The statues has had a few damaging encounters in its past, one of the forelegs of the horse being damaged by frost in a particularly cold winter in 1908-09. The statue also sustained damage during World War II when a bomb fell outside the Houses of Parliament, hitting the Palace Yard bending the statues sword and impacting the horses tail with several shrapnel holes.