Royal Pavillion Brighton
The Royal Pavilion, often called Brighton Pavillion, is Brighton's very own former Royal residence, having been originally built as a seaside getaway home for George, Prince of Wales. Building started in 1787, and the construction of this Hindu-Gothic style building (a style that became very popular in the 19th century) was carried out in three stages, with the final product boasting the most flamboyant and fanciful chinoiserie interior decoration ever to be seen in Britain. The Royal Pavillion was also the perfect place for Prince George to meet with his long time forbidden love, Maria Fitzherbert, whom he had to marry in secret because of her Roman Catholicism and the Royal Marriages Act of 1772.
During the years between 1815 and 1822, John Nash, the designer of Buckingham Palace, was commissioned to carry out extensive renovations and additions to the Royal Pavillion, and the very Indian looking outside of the building, as we see it today, is mostly thanks to John Nash. The Pavilions spectacular interiors however are a result of the joint efforts of Frederick Crace and the painter Robert Jones.
The Pavillion, as well as many other buildings in the city, was transformed into a military hospital during World War I, and from 1914 to 1916, injured Imperial Indian Army soldiers were taken there to be treated. The city of Brighton bought The Royal Pavillion off Queen Victoria in 1845, and since then it has been an increasingly popular tourist and visitor attraction. Today, around 400,000 people visit the Royal Pavilion each year.