Nottingham will forever be linked with Robin Hood, and today the town is a mix of medieval and modern. Nottingham Castle has been standing here since the 1670s, and the museum opened in 1878 and explores the town’s history and displays some of the alabaster carvings that made it famous. Nottingham stands on Sherwood sandstone that is riddled with manmade caves that date back to medieval times. The entrance to the caves is inside the Broadmarsh shopping center, and the caves contain an air raid shelter, medieval underground tannery, several pub cellars, and a reconstruction of a Victorian slum home. Wollation Hall was built in 1588 by Sir Francis Willoughby, a land and coal mine owner. The Hall is a great example of Elizabethan architecture at its most extravagant. The Brewhouse Yard Museum is housed in five 17th century cottages carved into a cliff beneath the castle, and recreates everyday life in Nottingham over the past 300 years. It has very nice reconstructions of traditional shops. The Galleries of Justice has excellent interactive displays on the history of the judicial system. Nottingham hosts a Shakespeare Festival every July and a Robin Hood Pageant in October that relives the times of the local outlaw legend.