Conwy Castle was built by Edward I during the years of 1283 to 1287, as part of his 'Iron Ring' of castles built during his invasion of Wales. The Castle and surrounding town of Conwy can be found right at the very Northern tip of Wales, the two of which were designed to function as one, with the perimeter walls connecting the town and Castle together.
Conwy Castle sits upon a massive cliff of grey sandstone and limestone, and much of the structure was actually built using the rocks it sits upon. It's eight towers and high, curtain wall was designed by James of St George, one of Edwards I's favourite architects, and a distinguished historian described Conwy Castle as 'incomparably the most magnificent of Edward I's Welsh fortresses'.
King Edward III's eldest son, Edward Woodstock (also known as The Black Prince), took over the castle in 1343, at the young of age of 13, but when he died in 1376, the Castle began to fall into ruin. However, Richard II, The Black Princes son, continued to use the castle as a stronghold against his rival Henry IV.
From 1509-1547, when Henry VIII was King, much well-overdue repair work was carried out on Conwy Castle, and during the 15th and 16th centuries, the castle held many different functions, including being used as a prison during the 1520's and 1530's. However, during the English Civil War, less than 100 years after Henry VIII's repairs were completed, Conwy Castle was deliberately damaged under the orders of Parliament, so that it could not be used as a military tool during the war.
Over recent years, restoration has once again began on Conwy Castle, which now attracts more than 150,000 people each year.