Newport Arch (2nd Century)
The Newport Arch is an early 2nd century structure in Lincoln, England, which was built across the Roman Ermine street in Bailgate, not too far from the cities Cathedral and Castle. It is a stone structure, that acts as a Northern gateway out of Lincoln, and is the only Roman gateway left in Britain through which traffic can still pass (the others, such as Balkerne Gate in Colchester, are now only suitable for pedestrians).
It is more than likely that a 1st century timber fortress gate originally stood on the site of the Newport Arch, which would have been replaced with stone in the early 2nd century (though no trace of the original wooden structure remains). However, the arch wouldn't have got it's name until the medieval period, and was then called 'Newport Arch' as it was the only gate leading from Lincoln to the suburb of Newport. When first constructed, Newport Arch would have been part of a much grander design, known as the 'New Colonia Gateway', but all we can see today is the inner arch, eastern footway arch and parts of the springer of the western footway arch.
It is believed, due to evidence from a contemporary drawing, that the roadway going through the arch would have been a whole 1m higher during the 18th century, and so the Arch itself would also have been a meter higher.